Tunnels are artificial underground passages constructed for various purposes like transportation, navigation, water supply, sewer, hydro-power, public utility, canals, etc. In this article, we mainly discuss the point should consider while selecting the alignment of the tunnel. And also the necessary things such as Tunnel Drainage, Lighting Of Tunnels, Tunnel Ventilation and Lining In Tunnel … Read more Tunnels and factor affecting the tunnelings
In the civil engineering field, we need to calculate the possible loads on the column during the design of the columns. Before calculating the total loads on the column, we need to know the different types of loads applied to the column. Types of loads on the column The self-weight of the columns. The Self-weight … Read more How To Calculate Loads On the Column?
Damp Proof Course commonly known as DPC is a layer of materials applied to stop the penetration or movement of moisture inside the buildings from its walls, floors, or roof. Different methods are applied and materials are used to stop dampness in the building. Read this article – To know how Dampness in the buildings … Read more Damp Proof Course (DPC)
Foundation is the low part of the structure which transmits the load of the structure to the ground. The foundation is a buried structure and we cannot see it directly as superstructure. This fact creates bias-ness in designer towards the superstructure which foundation remain given less importance. So, before designing the foundation it is necessary … Read more Foundation Engineering
In this article we discussed about the differences between the cast iron, wrought iron, mild steel and hard steel respectively. Mainly, for civil engineers it is necessary to know the difference between these irons and steel so that they have good idea and knowledge about where to use it and where not. 1. Cast iron … Read more Differences between cast iron, wrought iron, mild steel and hard steel
Cast iron is a more purified form of iron, which contains less amount of impurities than in the pig iron. This is obtained by remelting the pig iron in the blast furnace-like structure known as the cupola. Composition of cast iron Cast iron is also an impure iron which contains 2-5% carbon. Other impurities present … Read more Cast iron
Vice: Vice are used in workshop for holding workpiece. They are used for precision work on the machine table like shaping, drilling and grinding a workpiece. They are generally made of grey cast iron. Drill: Drill is a common tool widely used for making holes in a metal piece n fitting shop. Reamers: The drill … Read more Bench Tools Used in Civil Engineering Field